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Observer-rated environmental sensitivity moderates children's response to parenting quality in early childhood.

Authors
  • Lionetti, Francesca1
  • Aron, Elaine N2
  • Aron, Arthur2
  • Klein, Daniel N2
  • Pluess, Michael1
  • 1 Department of Biological and Experimental Psychology, School of Biological and Chemical Sciences, Queen Mary University of London.
  • 2 Department of Psychology, Stony Brook University.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Developmental psychology
Publication Date
Nov 01, 2019
Volume
55
Issue
11
Pages
2389–2402
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1037/dev0000795
PMID: 31414847
Source
Medline
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

According to several developmental theories some children are more sensitive to the quality of their environment than others, but most supporting empirical evidence is based on relatively distal markers of hypothesized sensitivity. This study provides evidence for the validity of behaviorally observed Environmental Sensitivity as a moderator of parenting effects on children's early development in a sample of 292 children (Mage = 3.74; SD = 0.26) and their mothers. Sensitivity was coded using a newly developed observational measure for the specific and objective assessment of Environmental Sensitivity, the Highly Sensitive Child-Rating System (HSC-RS). HSC-RS factorial structure, associations with temperament traits, and interactions with parenting quality in the prediction of socioemotional child outcomes are reported. Findings supported a 1-factor solution. Observed sensitivity was relatively distinct from observed temperament and interacted with both low and high parenting quality in the development of behavior problems and social competence at ages 3 and 6. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).

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