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Obesity and its long-term impact on sacrocolpopexy key outcomes (OBELISK).

Authors
  • Smazinka, Martin1
  • Kalis, Vladimir1, 2
  • Havir, Martin1
  • Havelkova, Linda3
  • Ismail, Khaled M4, 5
  • Rusavy, Zdenek1, 2
  • 1 Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, University Hospital, Pilsen, Czech Republic. , (Czechia)
  • 2 Biomedical Center, Faculty of Medicine in Pilsen, Charles University, Pilsen, Czech Republic. , (Czechia)
  • 3 New Technologies-Research Centre, University of West Bohemia, Pilsen, Czech Republic. , (Czechia)
  • 4 Biomedical Center, Faculty of Medicine in Pilsen, Charles University, Pilsen, Czech Republic. [email protected] , (Czechia)
  • 5 Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Faculty of Medicine in Pilsen, Charles University, alej Svobody 76, 304 60, Pilsen, Czech Republic. [email protected] , (Czechia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
International urogynecology journal
Publication Date
Aug 01, 2020
Volume
31
Issue
8
Pages
1655–1662
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s00192-019-04076-8
PMID: 31396638
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Sacrocolpopexy is the preferred contemporary approach to managing significant apical pelvic organ prolapse. Obesity is an established risk factor for several surgical procedures and can have a negative impact on outcomes. Our goal was to evaluate the impact of BMI on the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy in women with pelvic organ prolapse. A single-center retrospective observational study of women undergoing laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy between January 1, 2015, and December 31, 2017. We found 299 procedures: 82 (27.4%), 147 (49.2%) and 70 (23.4%) in women with BMI <25 (normal weight), BMI ≥ 25 - < 30 (overweight) and BMI ≥ 30 (obese), respectively. Perioperative and early postoperative complications were generally low and not statistically significantly different between the groups. At 12 months postoperatively, 81 (98.8%), 136 (92.5%) and 62 (88.6%) normal-weight, overweight and obese women attended their follow-up, respectively. All obese women attending the follow-up scored an overall Patient Global Impression of Improvement (PGI-I) of ≤ 3. The Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory (PFDI) scores showed a significant improvement in all domains and were similar between the study groups. In total, there was one (0.4%) anatomical apical compartment failure, three (1.1%) anterior compartment failures and two (0.7%) posterior compartment failures with no significant differences between the groups. Similarly, there were no differences in functional outcomes or mesh position as assessed by ultrasound. There were no differences in surgical, short- and long-term outcomes of laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy for pelvic organ prolapse in obese compared with non-obese women.

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