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Oak root response to ectomycorrhizal symbiosis establishment: RNA-Seq derived transcript identification and expression profiling.

Authors
  • Sebastiana, Mónica1
  • Vieira, Bruno2
  • Lino-Neto, Teresa3
  • Monteiro, Filipa1
  • Figueiredo, Andreia1
  • Sousa, Lisete4
  • Pais, Maria Salomé1
  • Tavares, Rui3
  • Paulo, Octávio S2
  • 1 Plant Systems Biology Lab, Center for Biodiversity, Functional and Integrative Genomics, Faculty of Sciences, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal. , (Portugal)
  • 2 Center for Environmental Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal. , (Portugal)
  • 3 Plant Functional Biology Centre, Center for Biodiversity, Functional and Integrative Genomics, University of Minho, Braga, Portugal. , (Portugal)
  • 4 Department of Statistics and Operational Research, Center of Statistics and Applications from Lisbon University, Faculty of Sciences, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal. , (Portugal)
Type
Published Article
Journal
PLoS ONE
Publisher
Public Library of Science
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2014
Volume
9
Issue
5
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0098376
PMID: 24859293
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Ectomycorrhizal symbiosis is essential for the life and health of trees in temperate and boreal forests where it plays a major role in nutrient cycling and in functioning of the forest ecosystem. Trees with ectomycorrhizal root tips are more tolerant to environmental stresses, such as drought, and biotic stresses such as root pathogens. Detailed information on these molecular processes is essential for the understanding of symbiotic tissue development in order to optimize the benefits of this natural phenomenon. Next generation sequencing tools allow the analysis of non model ectomycorrhizal plant-fungal interactions that can contribute to find the "symbiosis toolkits" and better define the role of each partner in the mutualistic interaction. By using 454 pyrosequencing we compared ectomycorrhizal cork oak roots with non-symbiotic roots. From the two cDNA libraries sequenced, over 2 million reads were obtained that generated 19,552 cork oak root unique transcripts. A total of 2238 transcripts were found to be differentially expressed when ECM roots were compared with non-symbiotic roots. Identification of up- and down-regulated gens in ectomycorrhizal roots lead to a number of insights into the molecular mechanisms governing this important symbiosis. In cork oak roots, ectomycorrhizal colonization resulted in extensive cell wall remodelling, activation of the secretory pathway, alterations in flavonoid biosynthesis, and expression of genes involved in the recognition of fungal effectors. In addition, we identified genes with putative roles in symbiotic processes such as nutrient exchange with the fungal partner, lateral root formation or root hair decay. These findings provide a global overview of the transcriptome of an ectomycorrhizal host root, and constitute a foundation for future studies on the molecular events controlling this important symbiosis.

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