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NXSensor web tool for evaluating DNA for nucleosome exclusion sequences and accessibility to binding factors

Authors
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Publication Date
Source
PMC
Keywords
  • Article
Disciplines
  • Mathematics

Abstract

Nucleosomes, a basic structural unit of eukaryotic chromatin, play a significant role in regulating gene expression. We have developed a web tool based on DNA sequences known from empirical and theoretical studies to influence DNA bending and flexibility, and to exclude nucleosomes. NXSensor (available at ) finds nucleosome exclusion sequences, evaluates their length and spacing, and computes an ‘accessibility score’ giving the proportion of base pairs likely to be nucleosome-free. Application of NXSensor to the promoter regions of housekeeping (HK) genes and those of tissue-specific (TS) genes revealed a significant difference between the two classes of gene, the former being significantly more open, on average, particularly near transcription start sites (TSSs). NXSensor should be a useful tool in assessing the likelihood of nucleosome formation in regions involved in gene regulation and other aspects of chromatin function.

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