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Nutritional assessment in vegetarians and vegans: questions clinicians should ask.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Minnesota medicine
Publication Date
Volume
95
Issue
12
Pages
36–38
Identifiers
PMID: 23346724
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Not all who adhere to vegetarian, vegan or other special diets have nutritionally sound eating habits. The clinical consequences of an insufficiently mindful vegetarian or vegan diet include many common symptoms such as anxiety, brain fog, depression, fatigue, insomnia, neuropathies and other neurologic dysfunction. Patients with such symptoms who report having a vegetarian or vegan diet, or a diet that severely restricts meat consumption, require a slightly expanded differential diagnosis. The challenge is to identify which patients require closer attention. This article lists questions to use to quickly assess for potential dietary drivers of clinical symptoms. In many cases, simple nutritional interventions, through diet and/or supplementation, can resolve or minimize problematic symptoms.

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