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[NURSING ACTION BEFORE THE TERMINAL PATIENT PHYSICAL CARE].

Authors
  • Delgado Sevilla, David
  • Juarez Vela, Raúl
  • Pellicer García, Begoña
  • Redondo Castán, Luis Carlos
  • Ramón Arbués, Enrique
  • López Martín, Inmaculada
  • De Blas Gómez, Irene
  • Alburquerque Medina, Eulalia
Type
Published Article
Journal
Revista de enfermería (Barcelona, Spain)
Publication Date
Nov 01, 2014
Volume
37
Issue
11
Pages
26–29
Identifiers
PMID: 26118206
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Palliative care is a group of actions performed by nurses in order to increase the comfort and well-being of patients with terminal illnesses. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines this term as: An approach that improves the quality of life of patients and their families facing the problem associated with life-threatening illness, through the prevention and relief of suffering by means of early identification and impeccable assessment and treatment of pain and other problems, physical, psychosocial and spiritual [1]. Cicely Mary Strode Saunders is considered as the precursor of the palliative care, who explained the need to change the Palliative Care Units in order to improve the quality of life of patients with terminal illnesses. Palliative care is necessary for patients with a terminal illness. In such cases, the life expectancy is less than six months. Human being is considered a biopsychosocial model. For this reason, the nurse must take into account all the requirements arising from these three dimensions of the human being. In this essay, we deal with palliative care in patients with terminal illnesses, considering the role of the nurse as an important reference when teaching palliative care to the main carer.

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