Numerical Study of Molten Metal Melt Pool Behaviour during Conduction-mode Laser Spot Melting

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Numerical Study of Molten Metal Melt Pool Behaviour during Conduction-mode Laser Spot Melting

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics
Publisher
IOP Publishing
Publication Date
Nov 16, 2020
Accepted Date
Nov 16, 2020
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1088/1361-6463/abca62
Source
MyScienceWork
Keywords
Funders
  • Stichting voor Fundamenteel Onderzoek der Materie
  • Materials innovation institute
License
Green

Abstract

Molten metal melt pools are characterised by highly non-linear responses, which are very sensitive to imposed boundary conditions. Temporal and spatial variations in the energy flux distribution are often neglected in numerical simulations of melt pool behaviour. Additionally, thermo-physical properties of materials are commonly changed to achieve agreement between predicted melt-pool shape and experimental post-solidification macrograph. Focusing on laser spot melting in conduction mode, we investigated the influence of dynamically adjusted energy flux distribution and changing thermo-physical material properties on melt pool oscillatory behaviour using both deformable and non-deformable assumptions for the gas-metal interface. Our results demonstrate that adjusting the absorbed energy flux affects the oscillatory fluid flow behaviour in the melt pool and consequently the predicted melt-pool shape and size. We also show that changing the thermo-physical material properties artificially or using a non-deformable surface assumption lead to significant differences in melt pool oscillatory behaviour compared to the cases in which these assumptions are not made.

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