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Nucleosome positioning is determined by the (H3-H4)2 tetramer.

Authors
  • Dong, F
  • van Holde, K E
Type
Published Article
Journal
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Publisher
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Publication Date
Dec 01, 1991
Volume
88
Issue
23
Pages
10596–10600
Identifiers
PMID: 1961726
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

It is demonstrated that the histone (H3-H4)2 tetramer can find specific positions on DNA, even in the absence of other histones. Purified histone (H3-H4)2 tetramers were reconstituted onto 208-base-pair (bp) DNA molecules containing a nucleosome-positioning sequence by using salt-gradient dialysis. The stoichiometry of histone tetramer to DNA was shown to be 1:1. Digestion with micrococcal nuclease led to formation of protected DNA fragments of approximately 73 bp. Cleavage of the 73-bp DNA with restriction enzymes produced a small set of defined bands, demonstrating positioning of the (H3-H4)2 tetramer on DNA. Analysis of the restriction digests shows that the 73-bp DNA corresponds mainly to two fragments, one lying on either side of the pseudo-dyad axis of the major position adopted by complete histone octamers on this DNA. This result means that a single (H3-H4)2 histone tetramer can fold approximately 146 bp of DNA with the same positioning as the complete octamer but that a region near the pseudo-dyad is only weakly protected against micrococcal nuclease attack in the absence of histones H2A and H2B.

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