A series of nine tetrahydroacridine derivatives with iodobenzoic moiety were synthesized and evaluated for their cytotoxic activity against cancer cell lines-A549 (human lung adenocarcinoma), HT-29 (human colorectal adenocarcinoma) and somatic cell line-EA.hy926 (human umbilical vein cell line). All compounds displayed high cytotoxicity activity against A549 (IC50 59.12-14.87 µM) and HT-29 (IC50 17.32-5.90 µM) cell lines, higher than control agents-etoposide and 5-fluorouracil. Structure-activity relationship showed that the position of iodine in the substituent in the para position and longer linker most strongly enhanced the cytotoxic effect. Among derivatives, 1i turned out to be the most cytotoxic and displayed IC50 values of 14.87 µM against A549 and 5.90 µM against HT-29 cell lines. In hyaluronidase inhibition assay, all compounds presented anti-inflammatory activity, however, slightly lower than reference compound. ADMET prediction showed that almost all compounds had good pharmacokinetic profiles. 1b, 1c and 1f compounds turned out to act against chemoresistance in cisplatin-resistant 253J B-V cells. Compounds intercalated into DNA and inhibited cell cycle in G0/G1 phase-the strongest inhibition was observed for 1i in A549 and 1c in HT-29. Among compounds, the highest apoptotic effect in both cell lines was observed after treatment with 1i. Compounds caused DNA damage and H2AX phosphorylation, which was detected in A549 and HT-29 cells. All research confirmed anticancer properties of novel tetrahydroacridine derivatives and explained a few pathways of their mechanism of cytotoxic action.