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A novel strategy for efficient disaccharides synthesis from glucose by β-glucosidase

Authors
  • Niu, Kangle1
  • Liu, Zhengyao1
  • Feng, Yuhui1
  • Gao, Tianlong1
  • Wang, Zhenzhen1
  • Zhang, Piaopiao2
  • Du, Zhiqiang1
  • Gao, Daming3
  • Fang, Xu1, 4
  • 1 Shandong University, Qingdao, 266237, China , Qingdao (China)
  • 2 Yantai Huakangrongzan Biotechnology Co., Ltd, Yantai, 264006, China , Yantai (China)
  • 3 Kobe University, Kobe, 6540142, Japan , Kobe (Japan)
  • 4 National Glycoengineering Research Center, Shandong University, Qingdao, 266237, China , Qingdao (China)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Bioresources and Bioprocessing
Publisher
Springer Singapore
Publication Date
Aug 04, 2020
Volume
7
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/s40643-020-00334-6
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

Oligosaccharides have important therapeutic applications. A useful route for oligosaccharides synthesis is reverse hydrolysis by β-glucosidase. However, the low conversion efficiency of disaccharides from monosaccharides limits its large-scale production because the equilibrium is biased in the direction of hydrolysis. Based on the analysis of the docking results, we hypothesized that the hydropathy index of key amino acid residues in the catalytic site is closely related with disaccharide synthesis and more hydrophilic residues located in the catalytic site would enhance reverse hydrolysis activity. In this study, positive variants TrCel1bI177S, TrCel1bI177S/I174S, and TrCel1bI177S/I174S/W173H, and one negative variant TrCel1bN240I were designed according to the Hydropathy Index For Enzyme Activity (HIFEA) strategy. The reverse hydrolysis with TrCel1bI177S/I174S/W173H was accelerated and then the maximum total production (195.8 mg/mL/mg enzyme) of the synthesized disaccharides was increased by 3.5-fold compared to that of wild type. On the contrary, TrCel1bN240I lost reverse hydrolysis activity. The results demonstrate that the average hydropathy index of the key amino acid residues in the catalytic site of TrCel1b is an important factor for the synthesis of laminaribiose, sophorose, and cellobiose. The HIFEA strategy provides a new perspective for the rational design of β-glucosidases used for the synthesis of oligosaccharides.

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