Lu/BCAM (Lutheran/basal cell-adhesion molecule) is a laminin 511/521 receptor expressed in erythroid and endothelial cells, and in epithelial tissues. The RK573-574 (Arg573-Lys574) motif of the Lu/BCAM cytoplasmic domain interacts with αI-spectrin, the main component of the membrane skeleton in red blood cells. In the present paper we report that Lu/BCAM binds to the non-erythroid αII-spectrin via the RK573-574 motif. Alanine substitution of this motif abolished the Lu/BCAM-spectrin interaction, enhanced the half-life of Lu/BCAM at the MDCK (Madin-Darby canine kidney) cell surface, and increased Lu/BCAM-mediated cell adhesion and spreading on laminin 511/521. We have shown that the Lu/BCAM-spectrin interaction mediated actin reorganization during cell adhesion and spreading on laminin 511/521. This interaction was involved in a laminin 511/521-to-actin signalling pathway leading to stress fibre formation. This skeletal rearrangement was associated with an activation of the small GTP-binding protein RhoA, which depended on the integrity of the Lu/BCAM laminin 511/521-binding site. It also required a Lu/BCAM-αII-spectrin interaction, since its disruption decreased stress fibre formation and RhoA activation. We conclude that the Lu/BCAM-spectrin interaction is required for stress fibre formation during cell spreading on laminin 511/521, and that spectrin acts as a signal relay between laminin 511/521 and actin that is involved in actin dynamics.