The middle repetitive fraction of the Arabidopsis genome has been relatively poorly characterized. We describe here a novel repetitive sequence cloned in the plasmid mi167, and present in approximately 90 copies in the genome of Arabidopsis thaliana ecotype Columbia. Hybridization analysis to physically mapped YAC clones representing Arabidopsis chromosome 4 revealed four mi167-hybridizing loci, all clustered near the centromere. No other loci were detected on YAC clones covering chromosome 4. In situ hybridisation experiments to Arabidopsis chromosome spreads showed that mi167-hybridizing sequences are clustered at the centromeric heterochromatin of all five chromosomes; on two chromosomes the hybridization appeared to be localised on one arm. Additional mi167-hybridizing loci were detected, one of which was adjacent to a non-centromeric, heterochromatic region. This work supports the idea that the majority of middle repetitive DNA in the Arabidopsis genome is clustered. It also adds to our understanding of the organization of the centromere of Arabidopsis chromosome 4.