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Novel procedures for high-throughput analysis of a frequent insertion-deletion polymorphism in the human T-cell receptor beta locus.

Authors
  • Conrad, Bernard
Type
Published Article
Journal
Immunogenetics
Publication Date
Jun 01, 2004
Volume
56
Issue
3
Pages
220–224
Identifiers
PMID: 15160257
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The human T-cell receptor beta locus ( TRB) contains two frequent insertion-deletion polymorphisms. In one, the insertion comprises two functional variable beta genes, TRBV6-2/TRBV6-3 and TRBV4-3, and the pseudogene TRBV3-2. Deletion of these TRBV genes may confer resistance and/or susceptibility to autoimmunity, analogously to findings in rodent models. Curiously, the TRBV domains in the insertion react with the HERV-K18 superantigen associated with type 1 diabetes. While this region has been extensively characterized before, typing methods compatible with high-throughput analysis are not yet available. Here, two novel procedures are reported that are suitable for large-scale association analysis of this polymorphism. One features a duplex TaqMan 5'-exonuclease assay that quantifies the gene dosage of TRBV3-2 present at 0, 1 or 2 copies, with its closely related diploid relative TRBV3-1 as an internal reference, using the 2(-DeltaDeltaC)(T) method. The other technique consists of two complementary long PCRs with primers specific for unique regions in the locus. The first discriminates individuals heterozygous or homozygous for the deletion, and the second, individuals heterozygous or homozygous for the insertion from other genotypes. These simple, solid, and cross-validated procedures can now be used in conjunction with flanking single-nucleotide polymorphisms for large-scale linkage studies.

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