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Novel multiparameter flow cytometry assay using Syto16 for the simultaneous detection of early apoptosis and apoptosis-corrected P-glycoprotein function in clinical samples.

Authors
  • van der Pol, Marjolein A1
  • Broxterman, Henk J
  • Westra, Guus
  • Ossenkoppele, Gert J
  • Schuurhuis, Gerrit J
  • 1 Department of Hematology VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. , (Netherlands)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Cytometry. Part B, Clinical cytometry
Publication Date
Sep 01, 2003
Volume
55
Issue
1
Pages
14–21
Identifiers
PMID: 12949955
Source
Medline
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

The fluorescent probe Syto16 has been used successfully to measure P-glycoprotein (Pgp) function and, separately, early apoptosis and cell death. The present study was designed to evaluate whether the combined use of Syto16, the Pgp blocker PSC833, and 7-AAD allows simultaneous detection of all parameters, with emphasis on applications in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Pgp negative/positive KB cell lines treated with tumor necrosis factor alpha/hyperthermia and frozen-thawed AML samples were used as apoptosis/Pgp models. For the accurate assessment of apoptosis in samples with unknown Pgp status, it was essential to include a sample with PSC833: in such samples, viable cells always show a Syto16(high) and apoptotic cells a Syto16(low) fluorescence. Apoptotic cells loose their Pgp activity early on; in Pgp-positive cells, the Syto16(low) apoptotic cells then colocalize with the Syto16(low) viable cells in the situation minus PSC833. We have developed a gating strategy that, apart from quantifying apoptosis, allowed gating out these apoptotic cells for proper Pgp assessment. By using this strategy, no differences in Pgp activity were found in the treated versus the untreated samples (KB cells: P = 0.779, n = 10; AML cells: P = 0.525, n = 45). The use of the combination Syto16/PSC833/7-AAD provides a sensitive multiparameter flow cytometry method that enables accurate assessment of both apoptosis, cell death, and Pgp function in clinical samples. Copyright 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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