To understand the structure-activity correlation of a group of tetrahydrodibenzazocines as inhibitors of 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 3, we have performed a combined genetic algorithm (GA) and four-dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationship (4D-QSAR) modeling study. The computed electronic and geometry structure descriptors were regulated as a matrix and named as electron-conformational matrix of contiguity (ECMC). A chemical property-based pharmacophore model was developed for series of tetrahydrodibenzazocines by EMRE software package. GA was employed to choose an optimal combination of parameters. A model has been developed for estimating anticancer activity quantitatively. All QSAR models were established with 40 compounds (training set), then they were considered for selective capability with additional nine compounds (test set). A statistically valid 4D-QSAR ( R training 2 = 0.856 , R test 2 = 0.851 and q2 = 0.650) with good external set prediction was obtained. © 2020 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.