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Novel functional hepatocyte cell line derived from spontaneous dwarf rat: model of growth hormone function in vitro.

Authors
  • Ishikawa, Mayumi
  • Tachibana, Toshiaki
  • Yoshino, Gen
  • Hashimoto, Hisashi
  • Tanaka, Toshiaki
Type
Published Article
Journal
Human cell
Publication Date
Nov 01, 2010
Volume
23
Issue
4
Pages
164–172
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-0774.2010.00097.x
PMID: 21166888
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Currently there is no good hepatocyte model for studying growth hormone (GH) function that reflects its normal physiological roles. Here we report the establishment of a functional hepatocyte cell line, SDRL-1, from the liver of young male spontaneous dwarf rats (SDR), with isolated GH deficiency. This line has been maintained in Dulbecco's Modified Eagle Medium (DMEM)/F12 medium supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) with retention of a near diploid karyotype for extended periods of time. When grown as a monolayer sheet, it displayed a pavement-like appearance and contact inhibition. These cells have a poorly developed rough endoplasmic reticulum (r-ER), few mitochondria and glycogen granules, and produce a small amount of albumin and α-fetoprotein, that is enhanced when grown on a collagen gel sponge. Human recombinant GH stimulated JAK2 and STAT5b tyrosine phosphorylation and IGF-I production in a concentration-dependent manner. When the cells were cultured with GH-supplemented medium, the number of mitochondria and glycogen granules increased together with the r-ER and Golgi apparatus. A number of microvilli were observed on the surface of the cultured cells, further suggesting that this cell line is composed of normally functioning hepatocytes. In summary, we established a novel hepatocyte cell line (SDRL-1), that appears to display normal function, which we propose can serve as a good in vitro model for studying GH-target organ interactions.

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