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Novel channel-hopping pattern-based wireless IoT networks in smart cities for reducing multi-access interference and jamming attacks

  • Liu, Yiming1, 2
  • Zeng, Qi3
  • Zhao, Yue1, 2
  • Wu, Kaijun1, 2
  • Hao, Yao1, 2
  • 1 Science and Technology on Communication Security Laboratory, Chengdu, China , Chengdu (China)
  • 2 China Electronics Technology Cyber Security Co., Ltd, Chengdu, China , Chengdu (China)
  • 3 Sichuan University, Chengdu, China , Chengdu (China)
Published Article
EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking
Springer International Publishing
Publication Date
Jul 13, 2021
DOI: 10.1186/s13638-021-02029-8
Springer Nature
  • Security & Privacy Solutions for Smart City


In smart cities, the Internet-of-Thing (IoT) provides an enabling communication infrastructure to support tremendous amount of data exchange. Most IoT applications, e.g., wireless local area network, Bluetooth and so forth, utilize the channel-hopping scheme to suppress the transmission security threats. In this paper, to reduce the mutual interference and external jamming attacks, multiple novel channel-hopping patterns, i.e., traditional no-hit-zone (NHZ) hopping pattern and generalized NHZ hopping pattern, are introduced to suit to IoT networks. Particularly the design of probabilistic hopping pattern is first proposed, which has the various usage probabilities with regard to various channels. The properties of these hopping patterns are investigated by the step-to-step examples. Then, the error-rate performance of the multi-node IoT systems adopting these hopping patterns in the presence of jamming attacks is comprehensively analyzed. The extensive simulations show that the traditional/generalized NHZ hopping patterns are in favor of combating the mutual interference but with the limited capability of reducing jamming attacks, while the probabilistic hopping pattern possesses the opposite feature, that is, it has the predominant merit in suppressing jamming attacks. Thus, the novel channel-hopping pattern-based IoT could provide the secure transmission for communication applications in smart cities. Note that, as the physical-layer security technique, the channel-hopping patterns investigated in this paper are convenient to integrate with the security policies implemented in upper layers (e.g., encryption, authentication and so forth).

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