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A novel approach to earlobe reconstruction using the V to Y advancement flap

Authors
  • Allen, Laura1
  • Munroe, Kelti2
  • Taylor, S. Mark3
  • 1 University of British Columbia, 2775 Laurel St, Vancouver, British Columbia, V5Z 1M9, Canada , Vancouver (Canada)
  • 2 Dalhousie University, 1459 Oxford Street, Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3H 4R2, Canada , Halifax (Canada)
  • 3 Dalhousie University, 3rd floor Dickson Building, 5820 University Avenue, Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3H 1Y9, Canada , Halifax (Canada)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery
Publisher
BioMed Central
Publication Date
May 19, 2021
Volume
50
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/s40463-021-00513-1
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

BackgroundThe V to Y advancement flap offers an excellent option for reconstructing defects of the lobule and adjacent structures of the external ear. We demonstrate its utility for small defects of the earlobe including those extending to the antitragal and conchal bowl regions. To our knowledge use of this technique for earlobe reconstruction has not been reported.MethodsA review of the literature was performed on the use of the V to Y flap for earlobe reconstruction. We then described its use in reconstructing lobular defects in 6 patients. All patients had a non-melanoma skin cancer involving the earlobe. All surgeries were performed under local anesthetic at a tertiary care centre in Halifax, Canada. Defects ranged in size from 1.0 to 1.4 cm. All defects were reconstructed with only a V to Y advancement flap. Patient photographs were taken intra-operatively and post-operatively. For all patients, satisfaction of the final aesthetic result was assessed on a 10 point scale in follow-up at 6 months.ResultsA review of the literature did not reveal any reports of the V to Y flap used in isolation for lobular reconstruction. At our centre from 2018 to 2020, this method was well tolerated under local anesthetic in 6 patients with non-melanoma skin cancers of the earlobe. All patients reported an aesthetically satisfying result at 6 months with scores ranging between 8 and 10. Scarring in all cases was minimal.ConclusionThe V to Y advancement flap is a simple technique for reconstructing small defects of the lobule. This method is technically straight-forward, poses minimal risk to the patient, and in our experience, yields a favourable cosmetic outcome.Graphical abstract

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