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Notched and Nonnotched Stimuli Are Equally Effective at the Mixing-Point Level in Sound Therapy for Tinnitus Relief.

Authors
  • Jin, In-Ki1
  • Choi, Soon-Je2
  • Ku, Minseung2
  • 1 Division of Speech Pathology and Audiology, Research Institute of Audiology and Speech Pathology, College of Natural Sciences, Hallym University, Chuncheon, South Korea. , (North Korea)
  • 2 Department of Speech Pathology and Audiology, Graduate School, Hallym University, Chuncheon, South Korea. , (North Korea)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
Publisher
American Academy of Audiology
Publication Date
Jul 01, 2021
Volume
32
Issue
7
Pages
420–425
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1728701
PMID: 34034340
Source
Medline
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Broadband noise (nonnotched) and notched noise are common sound sources in sound therapy for tinnitus relief. Studies on sound therapy using nonnotched or notched stimuli have reported large and small tinnitus improvements depending on the participant. However, the more effective sound source remains unclear given the among-study methodology differences. This study aimed to evaluate the tinnitus relief effects of sound therapy using stimuli with different spectral characteristics. This was a prospective study involving within-subject (baseline vs. 12-month follow-up) measurements for two groups (notched noise group vs. broadband noise group). We enrolled 30 adults with subjective and tonal tinnitus (notched noise group: 16, broadband noise group: 14). The participants underwent 3-hour daily sound therapy using either notched noise or broadband noise for 12 months. The stimulus level for sound therapy was set to each participant's mixing point. Tinnitus loudness and the Korean version of the Tinnitus Primary Function Questionnaire score were measured at baseline and at the 12-month follow-up time point. Both groups showed a significant improvement in tinnitus loudness and the Korean version of the Tinnitus Primary Function Questionnaire score. Notched and nonnotched stimuli are equally effective at the mixing point in sound therapy for tinnitus relief. Individuals with difficulties in tinnitus frequency measurement could easily undergo sound therapy using nonnotched stimuli. American Academy of Audiology. This article is published by Thieme.

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