Freshly isolated porcine thyroid cells were cultured in the presence of highly purified porcine thyrotropin. Cells associate into follicles between the second and tenth day of culture and later form a monolayer. The biological and immunological activity of thyrotropin was measured daily in the media. Thyrotropin concentration and biological activity remained unchanged from the onset of the culture up to day 14. Limiting factors influencing thyroglobulin biosynthesis do not appear before day 13. The loss of follicular organization at day 10 cannot be explained by thyrotropin degradation in the medium. Considering the number of receptors per cell and the half life of the thyrotropin . receptor complex in the two dissociation compartments previously demonstrated, it appears in terms of both biological activity and affinity for the receptors that the thyrotropin molecules released from the first compartment do not differ from native molecules. It can be calculated that at least 31% of the molecules released from the second compartment are not inactivated. Thus, it is probable that the catabolism of thyrotropin on the receptor, or near the receptor site, does not play an important role in the regulation of thyroid cell function in vitro.