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Nonfatal Strangulation During Domestic Violence Events in New South Wales: Prevalence and Characteristics Using Text Mining Study of Police Narratives.

Authors
  • Wilson, Mandy1
  • Spike, Erin2
  • Karystianis, George2
  • Butler, Tony2
  • 1 National Drug Research Institute, 1649Curtin University, Perth, Australia. , (Australia)
  • 2 School of Population Health, 7800University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia. , (Australia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Violence against women
Publication Date
Aug 01, 2022
Volume
28
Issue
10
Pages
2259–2285
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/10778012211025993
PMID: 34581646
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Nonfatal strangulation (NFS) is a common form of domestic violence (DV) that frequently leaves no visible signs of injury and can be a portent for future fatality. A validated text mining approach was used to analyze a police dataset of 182,949 DV events for the presence of NFS. Results confirmed NFS within intimate partner relationships is a gendered form of violence. The presence of injury and/or other (non-NFS) forms of physical abuse, emotional/verbal/social abuse, and the perpetrator threatening to kill the victim, were associated with significantly higher odds of NFS perpetration. Police data contain rich information that can be accessed using automated methodologies such as text mining to add to our understanding of this pressing public health issue.

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