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NMR structure of the LCCL domain and implications for DFNA9 deafness disorder

Authors
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Publication Date
Source
PMC
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Disciplines
  • Biology
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Abstract

The LCCL domain is a recently discovered, conserved protein module named after its presence in Limulus factor C, cochlear protein Coch-5b2 and late gestation lung protein Lgl1. The LCCL domain plays a key role in the autosomal dominant human deafness disorder DFNA9. Here we report the nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) structure of the LCCL domain from human Coch-5b2, where dominant mutations leading to DFNA9 deafness disorder have been identified. The fold is novel. Four of the five known DFNA9 mutations are shown to involve at least partially solvent-exposed residues. Except for the Trp91Arg mutant, expression of these four LCCL mutants resulted in misfolded proteins. These results suggest that Trp91 participates in the interaction with a binding partner. The unexpected sensitivity of the fold with respect to mutations of solvent-accessible residues might be attributed to interference with the folding pathway of this disulfide-containing domain.

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