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Nitrosamines and nitramines in Carbon Capture plants

Authors
  • Spietz, Tomasz
  • Dobras, Szymon
  • Więcław-Solny, Lucyna
  • Krótki, Aleksander
Type
Published Article
Journal
Ochrona Srodowiska i Zasobów Naturalnych
Publisher
De Gruyter Open
Publication Date
Dec 01, 2017
Volume
28
Issue
4
Pages
43–50
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1515/oszn-2017-0027
Source
De Gruyter
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

The use of amine absorption in carbon capture technologies is related with the formation toxic and potentially carcinogenic amine degradation products such as nitrosamines and nitramines. These substances can be created within both the solvent and the atmosphere when air components (mainly NOx) and amines react with each other. These substances may pose environmental and health risks depending on the level and duration of the exposure. In this paper, formation and occurrence of nitrosamines and nitramines in carbon capture plants were described. Emission reducing technologies have been also mentioned. Furthermore, an overview of experimental data of emission of nitrosamines and other major degradation products has been pointed out.

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