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Nitrogen and sulfur co-doped hierarchical porous carbon as functional sulfur host for lithium-sulfur batteries

  • Wang, Biao
  • Hu, Jinlong
  • Zhang, Lingzhi
Publication Date
Jun 01, 2021
GuangZhou Institute of Energy Conversion
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Nitrogen and sulfur co-doped hierarchical porous carbon (N, S-HPC) is synthesized by using polyaniline and poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) as doping sources and polytetrafluoroethylene as the silica template removal agent for lithium-sulfur batteries. N,S-HPC shows the interconnected hierarchical porous network, which enables sulfur to be uniformly dispersed in the carbon matrix thus accelerating the transport of electrons and lithium ions. The [email protected],S-HPC composite cathode exhibits a high capacity utilization of 1106 mA h/g at 0.2 C, together with excellent rate capacity of 600 mA h/g at 2 C, and also superior cycle life over 500 cycles with a capacity decay of 0.08 % per cycle at 1 C. The outstanding electrochemical performances for [email protected],S-HPC cathode are mainly ascribed to the hierarchical porous structure of carbon and N/S co-doping, which offers sufficient interface for the deposition of solid discharge products and impedes the diffusion of polysulfides due to both physical confinement and chemical interaction by porous carbon matrix and N/S atoms.

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