Low-intensity electrical stimulation (LIES) may counteract the effects of ovariectomy (OVX) on nitric oxide synthase (NOS) expression, osteocyte viability, bone structure, and microarchitecture in rats (Lirani-Galvão et al., Calcif Tissue Int 84:502-509, 2009). The aim of the present study was to investigate if these effects of LIES could be mediated by NO. We analyzed the effects of NO blockage (by L-NAME) in the response to LIES on osteocyte viability, bone structure, and microarchitecture in OVX rats. Sixty rats (200-220 g) were divided into six groups: sham, sham-L-NAME (6 mg/kg/day), OVX, OVX-L-NAME, OVX-LIES, and OVX-LIES-L-NAME. After 12 weeks, rats were killed and tibiae collected for histomorphometric analysis and immunohistochemical detection of endothelial NOS (eNOS), inducible NOS (iNOS), and osteocyte apoptosis (caspase-3 and TUNEL). In the presence of L-NAME, LIES did not counteract the OVX-induced effects on bone volume and trabecular number (as on OVX-LIES). L-NAME blocked the stimulatory effects of LIES on iNOS and eNOS expression of OVX rats. Both L-NAME and LIES decreased osteocyte apoptosis. Our results showed that in OVX rats L-NAME partially blocks the effects of LIES on bone structure, turnover, and expression of iNOS and eNOS, suggesting that NO may be a mediator of some positive effects of LIES on bone.