Nitric oxide (NO) derived from neuronal NO synthase (nNOS) in the macula densa is a modulator of tubuloglomerular feedback. However, little is known about the regulation of the afferent arteriolar diameter by NO from the macula densa in salt-sensitive hypertension. We investigated the relationship between nNOS in the macula densa and the afferent arteriolar diameter in deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt hypertensive rats treated with angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor or thiazide for 5 weeks. DOCA rats had reduced nNOS expression in the macula densa compared to controls and reduction of NO production evaluated with 4,5-diaminofluorescein diacetate in the juxtaglomerular apparatus (JGA). Treatment with ACE inhibitor and thiazide increased nNOS and NO production in the JGA. The diameter of the afferent arteriole observed by SEM using microvascular casts was smaller in DOCA rats compared to control rats, and ACE inhibitor or thiazide dilated the afferent arteriole with a positive correlation to nNOS immunoreactivity in the macula densa. In conclusion, the afferent arteriolar diameter might be regulated by NO derived from nNOS in the macula densa in DOCA-salt hypertensive rats.