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Nickel in Higher Plants: Further Evidence for an Essential Role

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Abstract

Soybeans (Glycine max [L.] Merr.) grown in Ni-deficient nutrient solutions accumulated toxic urea concentrations which resulted in necrosis of their leaflet tips, a characteristic of Ni deficiency. Estimates of the Ni requirement of a plant were made by using seeds produced with different initial Ni contents. When compared to soybeans grown from seeds containing 2.5 nanograms Ni, plants grown from seeds containing 13 nanograms Ni had a significantly reduced incidence of leaflet tip necrosis. Plants grown from seeds containing 160 nanograms Ni produced leaves with almost no leaflet tip necrosis symptoms. Neither Al, Cd, Sn, nor V were able to substitute for Ni.

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