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NH3-induced removal of NOx from a flue gas stream by silent discharge ozone generation in a double reactor system

Authors
  • Hwang, Yujin
  • Farooq, Abid
  • Park, Sung Hoon
  • Kim, Ki Hoon
  • Lee, Myong-Hwa
  • Choi, Seuk Cheun
  • Kim, Min Young
  • Park, Rae-su
  • Park, Young-Kwon
Type
Published Article
Journal
Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Jul 31, 2019
Volume
36
Issue
8
Pages
1291–1297
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s11814-019-0325-8
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
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Abstract

NOx, a generic term for the nitrogen oxides generated from combustion in the presence of nitrogen, is a serious threat to human health. This study examined the removal of NOx using ammonia (NH3) and ozone produced using a silent discharge method. The effects of temperature and residence time on NOx removal with NH3 injection in a double reactor system were investigated. An increase in temperature resulted in higher levels of O3 decomposition, whereas the maximum particle formation in the form of ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3) was achieved when both reactors were kept at 180 oC. NH3 and O3 injection in large quantities and NO in smaller amounts with a residence time of 10.2 s resulted in the maximum particulate formation. In contrast, when an excess of NH3 was supplied, it resulted in N2O formation due to the formation of NH2 radicals generated from a reaction of NO2 with NH3. In addition, 100% NO removal was achieved regardless of the residence time. Kinetic simulations indicated the possibility of moisture being the limiting reactant.

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