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Next generation sequencing in therapy-related myeloid neoplasms compared to de novo myeloid neoplasms

  • Claerhout, Helena; 125009;
  • Vranckx, Hilde;
  • Lierman, Els;
  • Michaux, Lucienne;
  • Boeckx, Nancy; 52162;
Publication Date
Jul 03, 2021
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INTRODUCTION: Therapy-related myeloid neoplasms (t-MN) are frequently categorized according to previous therapy or pattern of cytogenetic abnormalities. Our objective was to evaluate and compare the mutational profile of de novo and t-MN by next generation sequencing. METHODS: Sixty-four samples from patients with t-MN, previously treated for a solid tumor (mainly breast), or de novo AML, MDS, MDS/MPN were selected for our study. The library was prepared using diagnostic samples and the TruSight Myeloid sequencing panel targeting 54 genes. Samples were sequenced on a MiSeq. The classification system of the Belgian ComPerMed Expert Panel was used for the biological variant classification. RESULTS: Taking only pathogenic, probably pathogenic variants and variants of unknown significance into account 141 variants in 33 genes were found in 52 of 64 samples (81%; mean number of variants per patient = 2; range = [1-11]; 67 variants in 25 genes in t-MN and 74 variants in 25 genes in de novo MN). Overall, the most frequently detected variants included TET2 (n = 22), TP53 (n = 12), DNMT3A (n = 10) and FLT3, NPM1, RUNX1 (n = 8 each). CONCLUSION: Our study revealed a high variety of variants both in t-MN and de novo MN patients. There was a higher incidence of FLT3 and TP53 variants in t-MN compared to de novo MN. / status: published

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