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New tools for phenotypic analysis in Candida albicans: the WAR1 gene confers resistance to sorbate.

Authors
  • Lebel, Karine
  • MacPherson, Sarah
  • Turcotte, Bernard
Type
Published Article
Journal
Yeast (Chichester, England)
Publication Date
Mar 01, 2006
Volume
23
Issue
4
Pages
249–259
Identifiers
PMID: 16544288
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Availability of the complete sequence of the Candida albicans genome allows for global gene analysis. We designed a gene deletion method to facilitate such studies. First, we constructed C. albicans strains that are both Deltaura3 and Deltatrp1. Second, we designed a system that relies on in vitro recombination, using the Gateway((R)) technology, for efficient generation of deletion cassettes. They are generated in two steps: (a) upstream and downstream DNA fragments of the chromosomal region to be deleted are amplified by PCR and introduced into two separate entry vectors; (b) the second step involves a quadruple recombination event including the two entry vectors, a plasmid bearing a marker of interest and a destination vector, in order to generate a plasmid containing the deletion cassette. The deletion plasmid contains very rare restriction sites for convenient excision of the knockout cassette. Selection in C. albicans can be performed with one of the following markers: the C. albicans URA3 gene, a modified S. cerevisiae TRP1 gene or the mycophenolic acid resistance (MPA(R)) gene. Upon integration into the genome, these markers can be removed by the use of 5-fluoroorotic acid (URA3), 5-fluoroanthranilic acid (TRP1) or the FLP recombinase (MPA(R)). Using this approach, we show that removal of the C. albicans orf19.1035 gene results in sensitivity to the weak acid sorbate, while its overexpression increases resistance to this compound. We named it WAR1, in analogy to its S. cerevisiae orthologue.

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