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New potassium bismuth thiophosphates including the modulated K(1.5)Bi(2.5)(PS4)(3).

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Inorganic chemistry
Publication Date
Volume
46
Issue
26
Pages
11063–11074
Identifiers
PMID: 18020444
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The compounds K3Bi3(PS4)4 (I), K1.5Bi2.5(PS4)3 (II), and K9Bi(PS4)4 (III) were synthesized, and their properties are described. Red needles of I crystallize in the tetragonal spacegroup P4/ncc with a = 21.0116(8) A and c = 13.3454(10) A and have a three-dimensional Bi/P/S framework structure with large channels occupied by K+ ions. Deep-red plates of II crystallize in the monoclinic super spacegroup P2/c(alpha1/2gamma)00 with a = 21.8034(12) A, b = 8.8064(7) A, c = 10.0333(6) A, and beta = 90.004(5) degrees . This compound has an incommensurately modulated superstructure with the modulation vector q = 0.25a* + 0.5b* + 0.16c*. Bright-red irregularly shaped blocks of III crystallize in the orthorhombic space group P21212 with a = 18.306(4) A, b = 8.926(2) A, and c = 9.710(2) A and have a discrete molecular salt structure with mononuclear [Bi(PS4)4]9- complexes. The structures reveal that as the relative amount of K3PS4 increases, there is a marked decrease in dimensionality of the framework. It was also possible to form a glass with the same stoichiometry as that of compound I. When annealed at 320 degrees C, the glass crystallized into compound II. The 31P solid-state NMR spectra are reported, and they are consistent with the crystallographic results.

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