Screening of the phenolic compounds from seeds, stems, leaves and petals of Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don (cv. Little Bright Eye) was achieved by HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS/MS. This is the first detailed study of noncolored phenolics in C. roseus, which allowed the characterization of three caffeoylquinic acids and fifteen flavonol glycosides (di- and trisaccharides of kaempferol, quercetin and isorhamnetin). Fifteen compounds are reported for the first time in this species. The scavenging ability of the different plant matrices was assessed against DPPH(*) radical and against reactive oxygen (superoxide radical) and a reactive nitrogen (nitric oxide) species. A concentration-dependent protective effect was observed for seeds and tissues, with petals shown to be the most active.