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New normal baseline data during nationwide lock down due to Covid 19 pandemic in the world’s largest ship recycling yard at Alang, India

Authors
  • Chanchpara, Amit1, 2
  • Sonpal, Vasavdutta1
  • Mehta, Gauravkumar3
  • Sahoo, Tarini Prasad1
  • Thorat, Ravikumar Bhagwan1, 2
  • Ray, Sanak1, 2
  • Haldar, Soumya1, 2
  • 1 CSIR-Central Salt & Marine Chemicals Research Institute,
  • 2 Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR),
  • 3 Environment Cell, Gujarat Maritime Board, Gandhinagar, 382010 India
Type
Published Article
Journal
Environmental Science and Pollution Research
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Mar 04, 2021
Pages
1–13
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s11356-021-12885-y
PMID: 33661493
PMCID: PMC7929906
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Research Article
License
Unknown

Abstract

A detailed study to generate the new normal baseline data has been carried out during nationwide lockdown (May 12 to May 16, 2020) covering sampling for ambient air, coastal water, coastal sediments, fish and bioaccumulation of heavy metals, in an around Alang, the world’s biggest ship recycling yard. The lockdown data were compared with 2018 and 2019 observed data. PM10 values during lockdown were reduced by 3.75 to 4.5 times as compared with previous 2 years. Similarly, four-fold reduction of PM2.5 and SPM values was observed during lockdown. The gaseous pollutants like NO2 and O3 are within safe limit. Overall air quality index (AQI) improved significantly during lockdown. Similarly, there was drastic reduction in the majority of the nutrient parameters in the coastal water. Different heavy metal concentration in the coastal sediments samples also showed strong reduction during lockdown sampling in comparison with other two sampling. This proves that the coastal environment has its efficient self-cleaning potentials if there is considerable reduction in the anthropogenic as well as industrial activities. Diversity of phytoplankton and zooplankton also increased. The results were validated using statistical techniques like analysis of variance and least significance difference (LSD). Supplementary Information The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s11356-021-12885-y.

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