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A New Mass Burial of Cave Bears (Carnivora, Ursidae, Ursus kanivetz, Vereshchagin, 1973) from the Middle Urals

Authors
  • Kosintsev, P. A.1
  • Gimranov, D. O.1
  • Lavrov, I. A.2
  • Kisagulov, A. V.1
  • 1 Institute of Plant and Animal Ecology, Ural Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Yekaterinburg, 620144, Russia , Yekaterinburg (Russia)
  • 2 Association of Ural Cavers, Kungur, Russia , Kungur (Russia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Doklady Biological Sciences
Publisher
Pleiades Publishing
Publication Date
May 01, 2021
Volume
498
Issue
1
Pages
79–81
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1134/S0012496621030017
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
Disciplines
  • General Biology
License
Yellow

Abstract

AbstractRemains of a cave bear were studied from a new locality in the Prokoshev Cave in the Middle Urals (58°13´ N, 58°12´ E). Bones from all regions of the skeleton are present, bones are intact and without traces of human or animal activity. They all belong to the cave bear (Ursus kanivetz Vereshchagin, 1973). An AMS radiocarbon date of 53 375 ± 765 BP, IGANAMS–8632, was obtained from an adult mandible. The bones belonged to at least 18 individuals, including 4 individuals aged about one year, 1 aged about two years, 1 aged about three years, and 12 individuals over four years of age. Three skulls belonged to males and seven skulls belonged to females. The analysis has shown that the taphonomic type of this locality is a “mass burial.” This is the first “mass burial” of the cave bear in the Urals, found in situ, untouched by humans.

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