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A new insight into masticatory function and its determinants: a latent class analysis.

Authors
  • Feizi, Awat1
  • Keshteli, Ammar Hassanzadeh2
  • Khazaei, Saber3
  • Adibi, Peyman4
  • 1 Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran. , (Iran)
  • 2 Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AL, Canada. , (Canada)
  • 3 Department of Research, School of Dentistry, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran. , (Iran)
  • 4 Integrative Functional Gastroenterology Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran. , (Iran)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Community dentistry and oral epidemiology
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2016
Volume
44
Issue
1
Pages
46–52
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1111/cdoe.12189
PMID: 26291317
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Masticatory function is an important factor for preservation of general health. Epidemiologic data on masticatory function and its determinants among Iranian population are sparse, and no study has evaluated masticatory function using latent class analysis (LCA). This study was conducted to investigate the masticatory function and its determinants among a large sample of Iranian adults. In a cross-sectional study among 8691 adults, masticatory function was investigated using a validated questionnaire. LCA and latent class regression (LCR) were applied to identify classes of masticatory function and its potential determinants, respectively. In addition, multigroup LCA was conducted based on gender and age categories. In total, 11.24% and 24.87% of participants had poor and moderate masticatory function, respectively. Males (class size: 14.33%) were more likely to have poor masticatory function than females (class size: 2.35%) (P < 0.001). The results of LCR showed that higher age [adjusted odds ratio (OR): 1.09, 95% confidence interval (95% CI): 1.07-1.11, P < 0.001], male gender (OR: 1.37, 95% CI: 1.01-1.87, P < 0.05), and low physical activity (OR: 1.41, 95% CI: 1.08-1.85, P < 0.05) were associated with poor masticatory function. Nonsmokers had a lower chance of being in poor masticatory function class than heavy smokers (OR: 0.21, 95% CI: 0.11-0.38, P < 0.001). The prevalence of poor masticatory function is high among Iranian adults. Aging, male gender, low levels of physical activity, and smoking were found to be associated with poor masticatory function. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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