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New Hyaluronic Acid/Polyethylene Oxide-Based Electrospun Nanofibers: Design, Characterization and In Vitro Biological Evaluation

  • Ionescu, Oana Maria;
  • Mignon, Arn; 135887;
  • Iacob, Andreea Teodora;
  • Simionescu, Natalia;
  • Confederat, Luminita Georgeta;
  • Tuchilus, Cristina;
  • Profire, Lenuta;
Publication Date
Apr 15, 2021
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Natural compounds have been used as wound-healing promoters and are also present in today's clinical proceedings. In this research, different natural active components such as propolis, Manuka honey, insulin, L-arginine, and Calendula officinalis infusion were included into hyaluronic acid/poly(ethylene)oxide-based electrospun nanofiber membranes to design innovative wound-dressing biomaterials. Morphology and average fiber diameter were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy. Chemical composition was proved by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, which indicated successful incorporation of the active components. The nanofiber membranes with propolis and Calendula officinalis showed best antioxidant activity, cytocompatibility, and antimicrobial properties against pathogen strains Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa and had an average diameter of 217 ± 19 nm with smooth surface aspect. Water vapor transmission rate was in agreement with the range suitable for preventing infections or wound dehydration (~5000 g/m2 24 h). Therefore, the developed hyaluronic acid/poly(ethylene)oxide nanofibers with additional natural components showed favorable features for clinical use as wound dressings. / status: published

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