Affordable Access

deepdyve-link
Publisher Website

New Human Chromosomal Sites with “Safe Harbor” Potential for Targeted Transgene Insertion

Authors
  • Pellenz, Stefan1
  • Phelps, Michael1
  • Tang, Weiliang1
  • Hovde, Blake T.2
  • Sinit, Ryan B.1
  • Fu, Wenqing2
  • Li, Hui1
  • Chen, Eleanor1
  • Monnat, Raymond J. Jr.1, 2
  • 1 Department of Pathology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.
  • 2 Department of Genome Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Human Gene Therapy
Publisher
Mary Ann Liebert
Publication Date
Jul 01, 2019
Volume
30
Issue
7
Pages
814–828
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1089/hum.2018.169
PMID: 30793977
PMCID: PMC6648220
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

This study identified 35 new sites for targeted transgene insertion that have the potential to serve as new human genomic “safe harbor” sites (SHS). SHS potential for these 35 sites, located on 16 chromosomes, including both arms of the human X chromosome, and for the existing human SHS AAVS1 , hROSA26 , and CCR5 was assessed using eight different desirable, widely accepted criteria for SHS verifiable with human genomic data. Three representative newly identified sites on human chromosomes 2 and 4 were then experimentally validated by in vitro and in vivo cleavage-sensitivity tests, and analyzed for population-level and cell line–specific sequence variants that might confound site targeting. The highly ranked site on chromosome 4 (SHS231) was further characterized by targeted homology-dependent and -independent transgene insertion and expression in different human cell lines. The structure and fidelity of transgene insertions at this site were confirmed, together with analyses that demonstrated stable expression and function of transgene-encoded proteins, including fluorescent protein markers, selectable marker cassettes, and Cas9 protein variants. SHS-integrated transgene-encoded Cas9 proteins were shown to be capable of introducing a large (17 kb) gRNA-specified deletion in the PAX3/FOXO1 fusion oncogene in human rhabdomyosarcoma cells and as a Cas9–VPR fusion protein to upregulate expression of the muscle-specific transcription factor MYF5 in human rhabdomyosarcoma cells. An engineering “toolkit” was developed to enable easy use of the most extensively characterized of these new human sites, SHS231, located on the proximal long arm of chromosome 4. The target sites identified here have the potential to serve as additional human SHS to enable basic and clinical gene editing and genome-engineering applications.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times