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New Bound States of Top-anti-Top Quarks and T-balls Production at Colliders (Tevatron, LHC, etc.)

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arXiv
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Abstract

The present talk is based on the assumption that New Bound States (NBSs) of top-anti-top quarks (named T-balls) exist in the Standard Model (SM): a) there exists the scalar 1S - bound state of 6t+6\bar t - the bound state of 6 top-quarks with their 6 anti-top-quarks; b) the forces which bind these top-quarks are very strong and almost completely compensate the mass of the 12 top-anti-top-quarks forming this bound state; c) such strong forces are produced by the interactions of top-quarks via the virtual exchange of the scalar Higgs bosons having the large value of the top-quark Yukawa coupling constant g_t\simeq 1. Theory also predicts the existence of the NBS 6t + 5\bar t, which is a color triplet and a fermion similar to the t'-quark of the fourth generation. We have also considered "b-replaced" NBSs: n_b b + (6t + 6\bar t - n_b t) and n'_b b + (6t + 5\bar t - n'_b t), etc. We have estimated the masses of the lightest "b-replaced" NBS: M_{NBS}\simeq (300 - 400) GeV, and discussed the larger masses of the NBSs. We have developed a theory of the scalar T-ball's condensate, and predicted the existence of the three SM phases, calculating the top-quark Yukawa coupling constant at the border of two phases (with T-ball's condensate and without it) equal to: g_t \approx 1. The searching for the Higgs boson H and T-balls at the Tevatron and LHC is discussed.

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