Affordable Access

Neutrophil chemiluminescence in burned patients.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
0022-5282
Publisher
Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer) - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Publication Date
Volume
27
Issue
6
Pages
587–595
Identifiers
PMID: 3599105
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Phagocytic and bactericidal assays showed that a close correlation was present between bactericidal activity and neutrophil chemiluminescence (PMN-CL) (r = 0.81; p less than 0.01). This suggested that the microbicidal action of the neutrophil depends metabolically on the generation of oxygenating agents. PMN-CL and opsonic index (OI) were measured in 36 burned patients. The levels of serum transferrin (Tf) were examined simultaneously by nephelometric method in order to determine the correlation between humoral-phagocyte axis of immune system and nutritional status. It was found that PMN-CL and OI were generally lower in the greater than 35% TBSA burn group (PMN-CL, 1.85 +/- 0.21 cpm X 10(3), OI, 0.69 +/- 0.06) compared with control subjects (PMN-CL, 3.55 +/- 0.15 cpm X 10(3), OI, 1.05 +/- 0.04). It suggested that both neutrophil oxygenation activity and opsonic activity were impaired following severe burns. PMN-CL was higher in the smaller than 30% TBSA burn group during infection phase as compared with control subjects (5.61 +/- 0.26 cpm X 10(3) vs. 3.55 +/- 01.5 cpm X 10(3); p less than 0.01). It remained high in patients with persistent infection, but fell to normal if appropriate therapy was instituted. This result indicated that the neutrophils of the majority of patients with minor burns during acute infection were in an activated state both metabolically and functionally. The occurrence of sepsis was associated with a marked lowering of PMN-CL and OI values, but no difference was noted before and after the development of sepsis. The incidence of sepsis was 85.7% when PMN-CL was lower than 2 cpm X 10(3).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Statistics

Seen <100 times