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Neutralization of Wild-Type and Alpha SARS-CoV-2 Variant by CoronaVac® Vaccine and Natural Infection- Induced Antibodies

Authors
  • Özkaya, Esra
  • Yazıcı, Merve
  • Baran, Irmak
  • Çetin, Nesibe Selma
  • Tosun, İlknur
  • Buruk, Celal Kurtuluş
  • Kaklıkkaya, Neşe
  • Aydın, Faruk
  • Doymaz, Mehmet Ziya
Type
Published Article
Journal
Current Microbiology
Publisher
Springer US
Publication Date
Apr 01, 2023
Volume
80
Issue
5
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s00284-023-03248-6
PMID: 37004596
PMCID: PMC10066983
Source
PubMed Central
Disciplines
  • Article
License
Unknown

Abstract

One of the immune responses desired to be achieved by SARS-CoV-2 vaccination is to create neutralizing antibodies (nAbs), thus preventing the development and spread of infection. The aim of this study was to investigate the seropositivity rate, anti-spike antibody levels, and neutralizing capacity of these antibodies against wild type (WT) and alpha variants in serum samples of individuals who had been naturally infected or vaccinated with CoronaVac®. Total anti-spike antibody levels were determined in all samples. Neutralization assays were performed by the reduction of the cytopathic effect in Vero-E6 cells with infectious WT and alpha SARS-CoV-2 variants. Although both naturally infected and vaccinated individuals were all seropositive for antispike antibodies, 84.8% of the vaccinated group, and 89.3% of the naturally infected group had detectable nAbs. The nAbs titers were significantly higher in the naturally infected group for both WT and alfa variant of the virus as compared to the vaccinated individuals. In this study, it was observed that all individuals became seropositive six weeks after exposure to the vaccine or the virus. Moreover, naturally infected individuals had higher levels of nAbs than those vaccinated. The presence of nAbs against the alpha variant in both naturally infected and vaccinated individuals suggests that these antibodies may also be protective against infections, which may be caused by other variants, such as delta and omicron. Supplementary Information The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s00284-023-03248-6.

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