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Neurological presentations of Bartonella henselae infection

Authors
  • Canneti, B.1
  • Cabo-López, I.1
  • Puy-Núñez, A.1
  • García García, J. C.2
  • Cores, F. J.3
  • Trigo, M.4
  • Suárez-Gil, A. P.1
  • Rodriguez-Regal, A.1
  • 1 Complejo Hospitalario Universitario Pontevedra, Neurology Department, Loureiro Crespo, 2, Pontevedra, 36002, Spain , Pontevedra (Spain)
  • 2 Complejo Hospitalario Universitario Pontevedra, Internal Medicine Department, Loureiro Crespo, 2, Pontevedra, 36002, Spain , Pontevedra (Spain)
  • 3 Complejo Hospitalario Universitario Pontevedra, Ophthalmology Department, Loureiro Crespo, 2, Pontevedra, 36002, Spain , Pontevedra (Spain)
  • 4 Complejo Hospitalario Universitario Pontevedra, Microbiology Department, Loureiro Crespo, 2, Pontevedra, 36002, Spain , Pontevedra (Spain)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Neurological Sciences
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Oct 27, 2018
Volume
40
Issue
2
Pages
261–268
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s10072-018-3618-5
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
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Abstract

ObjectiveNeurological symptoms in patients with cat-scratch disease (CSD) have been rarely reported. The aim of this study is to analyze the frequency of neurological CSD (NCSD) and describe the disease clinical presentation, management and outcome.Material and methodsWe retrospectively selected patients with a CSD syndrome and Bartonella IgG titers > 1:256. Data regarding epidemiological, clinical, management, and follow-up features were analyzed and discussed. A comparison between NCSD and non-neurological CSD (NNCSD) was established.ResultsThirty-nine CSD patients were selected. NCSD frequency was 10.25%. No children were found affected in the NCSD group. A 65.7% of NNCSD and the entirety of the NCSD group had a history of cat exposure. Immunosuppression was only present in the NNCSD group (8.6%). NCSD presentations were as follows: isolated aseptic meningitis (25%), neuroretinitis (50%), and isolated optic neuritis (25%). A greater proportion of patients in the NCSD group had fever and raised levels of acute phase reactants and white blood cells. 85.7% of NNCSD had a complete recovery, whereas only 50% of the NCSD patients experienced a full recovery.ConclusionNCSD may be a distinctive group compared to NNCSD due to its later age of presentation, the more intense systemic response, and the poorer outcome.

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