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Neural dynamics in reconfigurable silicon.

Authors
  • Basu, A
  • Ramakrishnan, S
  • Petre, C
  • Koziol, S
  • Brink, S
  • Hasler, P E
Type
Published Article
Journal
IEEE transactions on biomedical circuits and systems
Publication Date
Oct 01, 2010
Volume
4
Issue
5
Pages
311–319
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1109/TBCAS.2010.2055157
PMID: 23853376
Source
Medline
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

A neuromorphic analog chip is presented that is capable of implementing massively parallel neural computations while retaining the programmability of digital systems. We show measurements from neurons with Hopf bifurcations and integrate and fire neurons, excitatory and inhibitory synapses, passive dendrite cables, coupled spiking neurons, and central pattern generators implemented on the chip. This chip provides a platform for not only simulating detailed neuron dynamics but also uses the same to interface with actual cells in applications such as a dynamic clamp. There are 28 computational analog blocks (CAB), each consisting of ion channels with tunable parameters, synapses, winner-take-all elements, current sources, transconductance amplifiers, and capacitors. There are four other CABs which have programmable bias generators. The programmability is achieved using floating gate transistors with on-chip programming control. The switch matrix for interconnecting the components in CABs also consists of floating-gate transistors. Emphasis is placed on replicating the detailed dynamics of computational neural models. Massive computational area efficiency is obtained by using the reconfigurable interconnect as synaptic weights, resulting in more than 50 000 possible 9-b accurate synapses in 9 mm(2).

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