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Network intrusion detection: a comparative study of four classifiers using the NSL-KDD and KDD’99 datasets

Authors
  • Devarakonda, Ananya1
  • Sharma, Nilesh1
  • Saha, Prita1
  • Ramya, S2
  • 1 Student, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka , (India)
  • 2 Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka , (India)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Physics Conference Series
Publisher
IOP Publishing
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2022
Volume
2161
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/2161/1/012043
Source
ioppublishing
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Paper
License
Unknown

Abstract

As most of the population acquires access to the internet, protecting online identity from threats of confidentiality, integrity, and accessibility becomes an increasingly important problem to tackle. By definition, a network intrusion detection system (IDS) helps pinpoint and identify anomalous network traffic to bring forward and classify suspicious activity. It is a fundamental part of network security and provides the first line of defense against a potential attack by alerting an administrator or appropriate personnel of possible malicious network activity. Several academic publications propose various artificial intelligence (AI) methods for an accurate network intrusion detection system (IDS). This paper outlines and compares four AI methods to train two benchmark datasets- the KDD’99 and the NSL-KDD. Apart from model selection, data preprocessing plays a vital role in contributing to accurate solutions, and thus, we propose a simple yet effective data preprocessing method. We also evaluate and compare the accuracy and performance of four popular models- decision tree (DT), multi-layer perceptron (MLP), random forest (RF), and a stacked autoencoder (SAE) model. Of the four methods, the random forest classifier showed the most consistent and accurate results.

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