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Neomycin inhibits catecholamine secretion by blocking nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in bovine adrenal chromaffin cells.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics
Publication Date
Volume
288
Issue
1
Pages
73–80
Identifiers
PMID: 9862755
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

We investigated the effects of neomycin on nicotinic acetylcholine receptor-induced responses in bovine adrenal chromaffin cells. Neomycin inhibited the nicotinic agonist dimethylphenylpiperazinium iodide (DMPP)-induced norepinephrine secretion in a concentration-dependent manner. Neomycin had also an inhibitory effect on the DMPP-induced increase in cytosolic Ca++ concentration ([Ca++]i). This effect was further confirmed by inhibition of the DMPP-induced fluorescence quenching of fura-2 upon Mn++ entry. Under the same conditions, however, neomycin did not change the bradykinin-induced [Ca++]i increase, which follows the downstream signal of phospholipase C phospholipase C activation in this cell. The inhibitory effect of neomycin on the DMPP-induced [Ca++]i increase was apparent when the neomycin treatment was performed simultaneously with DMPP, suggesting a direct action on the nicotinic receptor. The direct inhibitory action of neomycin on the nicotinic receptor was also evident when neomycin inhibited the DMPP-induced cytosolic Ca++ increase, which is not affected by nifedipine nor omega-conotoxin MVIIC, and the cytosolic Na+ increase, which is not affected by tetrodotoxin. In addition, we observed that neomycin inhibited the binding of nicotine to the acetylcholine receptor in a noncompetitive manner. The data suggest that neomycin inhibits the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor directly, which results in blockage of the nicotinic receptor-mediated signaling without involvement of phospholipase C.

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