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Neoadjuvant nivolumab + palbociclib + anastrozole for oestrogen receptor-positive/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative primary breast cancer: Results from CheckMate 7A8.

  • Jerusalem, Guy
  • Prat, Aleix
  • Salgado, Roberto
  • Reinisch, Mattea
  • Saura, Cristina
  • Ruiz-Borrego, Manuel
  • Nikolinakos, Petros
  • Ades, Felipe
  • Filian, Jeiry
  • Huang, Ning
  • Mazzei-Abba, Antonella
  • Tolaney, Sara M
Publication Date
Dec 01, 2023
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peer reviewed / [en] BACKGROUND: Preclinical data suggest synergistic activity with the combination of programmed death-1 and cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 blockade in oestrogen receptor-positive/human epidermal growth factor 2-negative (ER+/HER2-) breast cancer. The noncomparative phase 1b/2 CheckMate 7A8 study (NCT04075604) evaluated neoadjuvant treatment with nivolumab, palbociclib, and anastrozole in patients with ER+/HER2- breast cancer. Here, we report outcomes from the safety run-in phase. METHODS: Patients with histologically confirmed, untreated ER+/HER2- breast cancer, primary tumour ≥2 cm, ECOG performance status ≤1, and eligible for post-treatment surgery received nivolumab 480 mg intravenously every 4 weeks, palbociclib 125 mg or 100 mg orally once daily for 3 weeks per cycle, and anastrozole 1 mg orally once daily for five 4-week cycles, or until disease progression. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients with dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) within 4 weeks of treatment initiation. RESULTS: At safety data review, 21 patients were treated (palbociclib 125-mg group: n = 9; palbociclib 100-mg group: n = 12). DLTs were reported in 2 (22.2%) and 0 patients in the palbociclib 125-mg and 100-mg groups, respectively. Across both groups, 9 patients discontinued treatment due to toxicity (grade 3/4 hepatic adverse events [n = 6], grade 3 febrile neutropaenia [n = 1], grade 1 pneumonitis [n = 1], and grade 3 rash and grade 2 immune-mediated pneumonitis [n = 1]). Consequently, the study was closed early. CONCLUSIONS: Neoadjuvant treatment with nivolumab, palbociclib, and anastrozole showed a high incidence of grade 3/4 hepatotoxicity and treatment discontinuation, indicating that this combination should not be further pursued for treatment of primary ER+/HER2- breast cancer.

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