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Neoadjuvant chemotherapy consisting of cisplatin and continuous infusions of bleomycin and 5-fluorouracil for advanced head and neck cancer. The need for a new stratification for stage IV (M0) disease.

Authors
  • Recondo, G
  • Cvitkovic, E
  • Azli, N
  • Tellez Bernal, E
  • de Vathaire, F
  • Wibault, P
  • Richard, J M
  • Marandas, P
  • Benahmed, M
  • Domenge, C
Type
Published Article
Journal
Cancer
Publication Date
Nov 15, 1991
Volume
68
Issue
10
Pages
2109–2119
Identifiers
PMID: 1717121
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

A Phase II study of cisplatin (100 mg/m2 on day 1) and bleomycin (15 mg intravenous push day 1) followed by 5 days of continuous intravenous infusions of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) (650 mg/m2/d) and bleomycin (16 mg/m2/d) repeated at 21-day intervals was performed in 54 previously untreated patients with nonmetastatic (M0), locoregionally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). The aim of this study was to increase the complete response rate to chemotherapy and to identify prognostic factors that may influence local control and disease-free survival. From April 1986 until August 1988, 5 patients with Stage III and 49 with Stage IV (International Union Against Cancer-American Joint Committee on Cancer 1986 [UICC-AJCC]) disease received this regimen. Thirty (61%) patients with Stage IV disease had bulky nodal disease (9 N2c and 21 N3) and 29 (53%) had T4 primary lesions. The response rate was 59% (95% confidence interval, 47% to 71%) and the complete response rate to chemotherapy was 13% (95% confidence interval, 0% to 26%). The response rate was greatly influenced by tumoral volume and performance status (PS). The complete response rate to chemotherapy was 40% for patients with Stage III disease (2 of 5 patients) versus 10% for patients with Stage IV disease (5 of 49 patients; P = 0.02). The response rate for patients with Stage III disease was 100% (5 of 5 patients) versus 55% for patients with Stage IV disease (27 of 49 patients; P = 0.14). For patients with Stage IV bulky nodal disease (N2c-N3), the response rate was 43% (13 of 30 patients) and the complete response rate to chemotherapy was 3% (1 of 30 patients) versus 68% (13 of 19 patients; P = 0.13) and 21% (4 of 19 patients; P = 0.07), respectively, for patients with Stage IV less than N2b disease. The local control rate after definitive therapy was 100% for patients with Stage III disease, 70% (17 of 24 patients) for patients with Stage IV less than N2b disease, and 17% (5 of 30 patients) for patients with bulky nodal disease (P = 0.0005). As of February 1991, with a median follow-up time of 38 months (range, 30 to 53 months), 4 of 5 patients with Stage III disease and 7 of 19 patients with Stage IV less than N2b disease were alive with no evidence of disease (37%) versus 0 of 30 patients with bulky nodal disease (P = 0.001).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

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