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Neighborhood food environment and consumption of fruit and leafy vegetables: Pro-Saude Study, Brazil.

Authors
  • Curioni, C C1
  • Boclin, K L S2
  • Silveira, I H3
  • Canella, D S4
  • Castro, I R R4
  • Bezerra, F F4
  • Junger, W3
  • Faerstein, E3
  • 1 Institute of Nutrition, State University of Rio de Janeiro, Rua São Francisco Xavier, 524, Pavilhão João Lyra Filho, 12° andar, Bloco D, sala 12.023, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Cep: 20559-900, Brazil. Electronic address: [email protected] , (Brazil)
  • 2 IMED, Rua Senador Pinheiro, 304, Passo Fundo, RS, Cep: 99070-220, Brazil. , (Brazil)
  • 3 Institute of Social Medicine, State University of Rio de Janeiro, Rua São Francisco Xavier, 524, Pavilhão João Lyra Filho, 7° andar, Bloco D, sala 12.023, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Cep: 20559-900, Brazil. , (Brazil)
  • 4 Institute of Nutrition, State University of Rio de Janeiro, Rua São Francisco Xavier, 524, Pavilhão João Lyra Filho, 12° andar, Bloco D, sala 12.023, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Cep: 20559-900, Brazil. , (Brazil)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Public health
Publication Date
Feb 26, 2020
Volume
182
Pages
7–12
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.puhe.2020.01.004
PMID: 32112980
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

To explore the relationship between availability of different types of retail food stores and consumption of fruit and leafy vegetables. This study is a cross-sectional study. Data were derived from 2032 adults living in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, participating in the longitudinal Pro-Saude Study. Exposure to street markets, fruit and vegetable stores, groceries and markets, unhealthy food outlets, restaurants, and supermarkets within 1600 m buffers was obtained by georeferencing residential addresses. Consumption of fruit and leafy vegetables was assessed via two single questions, categorized as 'yes' (≥4 days/week) and 'no' (<3 days/week). Multiple logistic regression models were used to assess relationships of interest adjusted for surrounding average monthly income, sex, age, education, and family income per capita. Except for supermarkets, the presence of a greater number of retail food stores - irrespective of the type - was associated with higher odds of consumption of fruit and leafy vegetables than with areas with a lower number (e.g. odds ratio = 1.47; 95% confidence interval = 1.13-1.91). The greater availability of several types of retail food stores close to participants' residences was associated with higher consumption of fruit and leafy vegetables in Rio de Janeiro. Copyright © 2020 The Royal Society for Public Health. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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