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The Need for Sleep in the Adolescent Brain.

Authors
  • Galván, Adriana1
  • 1 Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA. Electronic address: [email protected]
Type
Published Article
Journal
Trends in cognitive sciences
Publication Date
Nov 25, 2019
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.tics.2019.11.002
PMID: 31780247
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Sleep is a basic need. Mounting evidence suggests this is particularly true during adolescence, a developmental period involving substantial changes in the brain regions supporting cognition, learning, and emotion. Although sleep loss is a normative psychosocially and biologically driven developmental process, it occurs alongside behaviors that characterize adolescence, including deepening cognitive sophistication, improved emotion regulation, and intensifying social cognition, calling into question how sleep may impact these developmental milestones. This review synthesizes growing research aimed at addressing this timely question. It presents evidence that neurodevelopmental changes in brain structure, function, and sleep physiology mechanistically link the relationship between sleep and cognitive ability. Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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