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Near-normotension and near-normoglycemia in blind type I diabetic patients with overt diabetic nephropathy.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of diabetic complications
Publication Date
Volume
4
Issue
4
Pages
179–183
Identifiers
PMID: 2151231
Source
Medline

Abstract

In patients with diabetic nephropathy, near-normalization of blood pressure (BP) and blood sugar may have a beneficial impact on changes in kidney function, but visually impaired patients may face difficulties when striving for optimal control of hypertension and hyperglycemia. In a prospective feasibility study, we followed a group of nine blind Type I (insulin-dependent) diabetic patients (mean age 30 +/- 4 years) with overt diabetic nephropathy and uncontrolled hypertension. All patients received intensified insulin therapy after a structured diabetes treatment and teaching program, and adapted their antihypertensive drug treatment to self-monitored BP values. At recruitment, HbA1c values were 5.8 +/- 0.6%, and remained stable at 6.3 +/- 1.7% after a mean observation period of 27 months. BP pressure decreased from 150 +/- 14/99 +/- 14 mmHg to 130 +/- 17/86 +/- 10 mmHg after 1 year, and to 140 +/- 14/92 +/- 9 mmHg at the last examination, (p less than 0.05). Serum creatinine and creatinine clearance remained stable over the observation period at 165 +/- 56 mumol/L and 0.8 +/- 0.4 ml/s/1.72m2 at recruitment, and 152 +/- 47 mumol/L and 1.0 +/- 0.5 ml/s/1.72m2 at the final examination. Proteinuria decreased from 3.2 to 1.4 g/24 h (p less than 0.05). No patient needed renal replacement therapy.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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