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The nature and origin of common phobic fears.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
The British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science
Publication Date
Volume
134
Pages
343–351
Identifiers
PMID: 571742
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

By means of a twin study an attempt was made to throw light upon the aetiology and nosology of phobic fears. Factor analyses revealed five factors, namely separation fears, animal fears, mutilation fears, social fears and nature fears. The study demonstrated that, apart from separation fears, genetic factors play a part in the strength as well as content of phobic fears. Environmental factors, affecting the development of dependence, reserve and neurotic traits generally, seemed also to be of some importance. It was further demonstrated that phobic fears were related to emotional and social adjustment and this was true to an even greater extent for separation fears.

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